Top 5 Reasons Why You Need a Tooth Extraction
Permanent teeth are meant to last for a lifetime, but some health problems such as tooth decay or trauma may make them removed. Dentist resort to tooth extraction as a last option if all other methods of treatment are exhausted.
Tooth extraction is the process of surgically removing a tooth from its socket. A dentist or an oral surgeon does it, and it is a quick procedure with either general, local and intravenous anesthesia.
There are two types of tooth extractions:
- Simple extraction. This is a type of extraction done if your teeth are visible. Your dentist will use anesthesia to numb the area to be extracted so that you will not feel any pain but pressure. Your dentist will then use a medical instrument called an elevator to loosen it and a pair of forceps to loosen it.
- Surgical extraction. This is when your tooth has not fully broken into your gum line, and surgery on your gums is needed to access the tooth. Your dentist will use both general and intravenous anesthesia; intravenous to keep you relaxed and calm. You may also receive general anesthesia to keep you unconscious during the surgery, depending on your medical conditions.
- The oral surgeon or general dentist will use an incision to cut into your gum. They may need to cut through your tooth or remove the bone.
Reasons for tooth extraction
Your dentist will determine the best extraction based on where your tooth is located. The following reasons can lead to circumstances where there is no other option but to have the affected tooth be removed by an oral surgeon:
- Traumatic Damage
Accidents are not anticipated, they are bound to happen, and sometimes our teeth are affected. Your teeth can be injured during a traumatic accident such as a fall, car collision, or blow to the face. This injury can cause two types of damages, luxation; loosening of a tooth, or fracture; breaking of a tooth. Sometimes the tooth is too damaged to be saved, and the only option is tooth removal. Visit your dentist if you are involved in an accident because, at times, the injury might not be visible.
- Tooth Decay
Food materials, build-up of tartar, and plaque can cause tooth decay. These plaque deposits eat away the gum, making them loose, weak, and brittle. The condition may advance and develop an infection that comes with intense pain, redness, and swelling. Once it reaches this stage, it is impossible to save the tooth, and the only option is an emergency tooth extraction. A dental bridge can be sued to replace it to avoid any health concerns.
As long as patients undergo dental checkups and dental cleanings twice a year, cavities can be detected earlier, prevented, and treated with a dental filling.
- Impacted Teeth
An impacted tooth refers to a tooth that has partially erupted or has not fully erupted beyond the gumline. A tooth can be impacted because it’s overcrowded, a tooth that comes in twisted at odd angles, or a displaced tooth. An extraction is needed if you are experiencing infection pain or dental problems from these teeth. Wisdom teeth are commonly impacted because the jaw is small and cannot accommodate these teeth. Therefore, they need to be extracted.
- Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease affects the structures supporting the teeth, such as the gums and the socket where the tooth sits, called an alveolus. Food that remains after eating can cause a build-up of plaque, and this plaque contains bacteria that cause periodontal infection. If the infection is so severe, it will affect the gums and the alveolus, weakening it; therefore, it loosens the tooth. Extraction is therefore necessary for such a case.
- Overcrowded Teeth
Permanent teeth may need to be removed for orthodontic treatment. Orthodontic treatment aims to align your tooth properly, and if your teeth are overcrowded, it will make the process difficult because your tooth has no room to move around and realign. If there is no room for your teeth to go, the dentist will therefore remove one or more to make room for others in other to align them.